Treaties

Treaty Rights Pose Challenge

Articles » General
Saskatchewan Indian, vol. 3, no. 5, May 1972, p. 4
Description
Assertion of Treaty rights in reaction to Indian Affairs Minister Chretien's white paper.
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Treaty Rights Research

Articles » General
Saskatchewan Indian, vol. 3, no. 8, Supplement, September 1972, pp. 3-4
Description
Reviews activities of research program from April to July 1972.
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Treaty Roundtable Forum

Articles » General
Saskatchewan Indian, Fall, 1995, p. 6
Description
Describes significance of gathering by Treaty Elders, Chiefs and Councils, and Technicians in Regina, Saskatchewan.
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Treaty Settlement Land: The Fiscal Impacts on Local Government

Documents & Presentations
Author/Creator
Peter Adams
Description
Discusses concerns expressed by the local government that could arise about the loss of tax revenue on land that becomes Treaty Settlement Land, and looks at alternative approaches to recover the costs of services provided by local governments close to developed and urban areas.
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Treaty Simulation

Documents & Presentations
Author/Creator
[Kenaston School]
Description

Involves an alien race arriving to inhabit earth and that the only hope for their continued existence is to sign a treaty. Students need to decide what aspects of their lifestyle they want to preserve and include them in the treaty terms. Leaders sign a document written in symbols they don't understand and subsequently legislation is enacted which makes the original inhabitants wards of the state.

Additional material:

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A Trip Into the Saskatchewan Country - Samuel Bray. - Article. - [189-].

Articles » General
Author/Creator
Samuel Bray
W. Goode
[Canadian Magazine], vol. 13, [May-October] [1899], pp. 26-34
Description
Reprint of an article by Samuel Bray, surveyor, describing his experiences travelling in northern Manitoba and Saskatchewan in the autumn of 1894. Included is an illustration of Cree writing.
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Trudell

Alternate Title
Trudell Full Documentary
Media » Film and Video
Author/Creator
Heather Rae
John Trudell
Description
Documentary about the life of John Trudell, as an American Indian activist, musician and poet. Duration: 1:18:22.
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The True Story of the Wallowa Campaign

Articles » Scholarly, peer reviewed
Author/Creator
O. O. Howard
The North American Review , vol. 129, no. 272, July 1879, pp. 53-64
Description
Reply to article An Indian's View of Indian Affairs written by Chief Joseph about Howard's conduct in forcing the non-treaty Nez Percés to live on the reservation.
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The Truth and Reconciliation Commission of Canada

Alternate Title
Indigenous Peoples' Access to Justice, Including Truth and Reconciliation Processes
E-Books » Chapters
Author/Creator
Marie Wilson
Description
Outlines the mandate and purpose of the TRC. Chapter 8 from Indigenous Peoples' Access to Justice, Including Truth and Reconciliation Processes edited by Wilton Littlechild and Elsa Stamatopoulou.
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[The Truth and Reconciliation Commission's Recommendations and a Return to the Original Intent of the Treaty Relationship]

Alternate Title
McKercher Lecture Series
Wunusweh Lecture in Aboriginal Law ; 2017
Media » Film and Video
Author/Creator
Derek Nepinak
Description
Grand Chief of the Assembly of Manitoba Chiefs speaks about his background, challenges faced by community chiefs and First Nations political organizations, and the how the land plays a central role in attempts at reconciliation Duration: 59:54.
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Try Everything - Commission Says

Articles » General
Saskatchewan Indian, vol. 12, no. 1, January 1982, p. 3,35
Description
Federation of Saskatchewan Indians continues to fight for Treaty rights in the British Courts and in Canada.
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Tsawwassen First Nation: Land Facing the Sea

Web Sites » Organizations
Author/Creator
Tsawwassen First Nation
Description
Website provides access to TFN Government: annual reports, service plans, elections, education & development, environment, finance, health & social services, lands, natural resources, administration, enrollment, government services; Law Registry: TFN laws, judicial documents; Treaty: final agreement; Economic Development: reports, employment & business opportunities, newsletters, media; Community: legislative assembly meetings, facilities, community groups, business, catering, commercial, construction, retail; and Information Centre: publications, media releases, community notices,
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Twelve Propositions About Treaty Six

Alternate Title
Twelve Propositions About Treaty #6
Twelve Propositions About Treaty 6
Twelve Propositions About Treaty No. 6
Articles » General
Author/Creator
Candis McLean
Report Newsmagazine (Alberta Edition), vol. 29, no. 13, June 24, 2002, p. 28
Description
Writer Tom Flanagan argues that Chiefs who concluded Treaty 6 were aware of the conditions it imposed and what they were to receive in return.
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Two Indian men in ceremonial dress.

Images » Photographs
Author/Creator
Seymour's Photo Finishers
Description
A photograph of two Indian men in ceremonial dress (buckskin decorated with beadwork), smoking cigarettes. Probably taken in Carlton at a Treaty celebration.
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Two Indian men in ceremonial head-dresses.

Images » Photographs
Author/Creator
Seymour's Photo Finishers
Description
A photograph of two Indian men in ceremonial tunics, leggings and head dresses holding flag staff. Non-native on-lookers in background. Probably taken in Fort Carlton at a Treaty celebration.
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Two Worlds Collide, 1850-1887

Alternate Title
Montana: Stories of the Land
E-Books » Chapters
Author/Creator
Krys Holmes
Description

Discusses the US government's wanted treaties in order to gain control of land, the treaties signed within Montana, tribal strategies for survival, and clashes between government troops and Indigenous warriors.

Chapter from Montana: Stories of the Land by Krys Holmes.

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[The Underlying Importance of Wampum Belts ... ]

Media » Film and Video
Author/Creator
Alan Ojiig Corbiere
Description
Speaker explains the symbolism behind wampum diplomacy and it's relevance to a Nation-to-Nation relationship between Canada and Indigenous peoples. Duration: 52:54.
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Understanding Canadian Aboriginal Law

Alternate Title
Self-Government
What are Aboriginal Rights?
What are Métis Rights?
What is a Fiduciary Duty?
What is a Land Claim?
What is a Treaty?
What is the Duty to Consult?
Documents & Presentations
Author/Creator
Centre for Human Rights Research
University of Manitoba
Description
Seven fact sheets on the following topics: treaties, land claims, Aboriginal rights, duty to consult, fiduciary duty, and self-government. Originally produced for the Truth and Reconciliation national event in Winnipeg.
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[Understanding Indigenous Perspectives]: Modules

Web Sites » Organizations
Author/Creator
[Jean-Paul Restoule]
Description
Contains links to educational modules on six topics: Indigenous worldviews, Indigenous ways of knowing, stereotypes, history of Indigenous education, reconciliation, and treaties. Intended for a post-secondary audience.
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[Understanding Our Treaties]

Web Sites » Organizations
Author/Creator
Gordon Foundation
Description
Contains links to five sets of educational videos and accompanying illustrated texts and "Treaty Talks" with participants in the Gordon Foundation's treaty negotiation and implementation simulations.
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Understanding the Definition and Scope of the Duty to Consult and Accommodate Today and How It Impacts You

Alternate Title
Annual Forum on Aboriginal Law, Consultation, and Accommodation ; 6th
Media » Film and Video
Author/Creator
Daniel Pagowski
Sandra Gogal
Christopher Devlin
Description
Topics covered include: overview of the duty, cumulative effects, accommodation, roles of tribunals, strength of claim, and industry's role in consultation. Duration: 53:43.
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Understanding the Indian Act

Media » Film and Video
Author/Creator
Frances Abele
Roger Jones
Douglas Sanderson
Description

Speakers discuss how the Act has defined the government's and Crown's relationship with First Nations peoples; how it has impeded development of communities; and how fundamental changes are needed to give First Nations' control over governance and the ability to develop mechanisms to improve access to capital.

Duration: 1:09:15.

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Unit 1: Our Relationship with the Land

Alternate Title
Chapter 1: Exploring the Land
[Pearson Saskatchewan Social Studies 4]
E-Books » Chapters
Author/Creator
[Pearson Canada]
Description

Designed for use with Pearson Saskatchewan Social Studies 4. Part of unit introduces themes related to the Grade 4 Treaty Essential Learnings which discuss the Indian Act of 1876 and how it was not part of the treaty agreements.

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Unsettling Canada: A Review

Book Reviews
Author/Creator
Kam'ayaam/Chachim'multhnii (Cliff Atleo
Jr.)
Decolonization, vol. 5, no. 1, 2016, pp. 71-78
Description
Book review of: Unsettling Canada: A National Wake-Up Call by A. Manuel and R. M. Derrikson.
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Useless Good Runner (Billy Heavy Runner) Interview

Alternate Title
Indian History Film Project
Oral History » Oral Histories
Author/Creator
Bill Heavy Runner
Dila Provost
Albert Yellowhorn
Indian History Film Project
Description
Discusses Treaty 7: events leading up to it; promises made and broken.
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Various Shades of Red: Diversity Within Canada's Indigenous Community

Articles » Scholarly, peer reviewed
Author/Creator
Cora J. Voyageur
Brian Calliou
London Journal of Canadian Studies, vol. 16, Continuities and Changing Realities: Meanings and Identities Among Canadas Aboriginal People, 2000/2001, pp. 109-124
Description
Discusses the legal, social and cultural differences between Indigenous groups in Canada.
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Vern Harper Interview

Alternate Title
Indian History Film Project
Oral History » Oral Histories
Author/Creator
Vern Harper
Alex Cywink
Indian History Film Project
Description
Consists of an interview where he tells of life in a foster home and cultural suppression; gives a description of suppression on reserves in the 1950's; and gives a description of native values and philosophy and the role of sweat lodges.
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Vestiges of Material Culture Among the Canadian Delawares

Articles » Scholarly, peer reviewed
Author/Creator
M.R. Harrington
American Anthropologist, vol. 10, no. 3, New Series, July-September 1908, pp. 408-418
Description
Describes artifacts author gathered from the Lenápe or Delaware peoples in Ontatrio in1907. Includes images of Muncey Treaty wampum belt and some traditional items.
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Voices of the Plains Cree

E-Books
Author/Creator
Edward Ahenakew
Description
First published in 1973, contains history and stories from Chief Thunderchild as told to Edward Ahenakew in 1923.
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Voices Revisited

Articles » Scholarly, peer reviewed
Author/Creator
Patrick Scott
Canadian Journal of Native Studies, vol. 35, no. 1, 2015, pp. 83-100
Description
Describes how the Dene in the Northwest Territories uses storytelling to reaffirm their historical roots in relation to 3 significant historical events.
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