Treaty 6

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1983 Elders' Conference 4/5

Alternate Title
Indian History Film Project
Oral History » Oral Histories
Author/Creator
Ted Wheatley
Ernest Benedict
Angus Nogongiig
Jim Dumont
Johnny Thomas
Sam Osawamick
Alex Fox
John Tootoosis
Louis Bruce
Sid Fiddler
Lawrence Tobacco
Mary Lou Fox
Eddie Benton
Herman Atkinson
Chief Carl Robert
Indian History Film Project
Description
The role of education in the loss of spiritual and cultural values ; evidence of previous and planned oppression by non-Indians ; revival of interest in traditional values and the role ofelders as a source of knowledge.
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Abby Simon Interview

Alternate Title
Indian History Film Project
Oral History » Oral Histories
Author/Creator
Abby Simon
Louis P. Crier
Phillip Redcrow Joe
Indian History Film Project
Description
A very brief account of some changes which followed the coming of the white man.
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Aboriginal Treaties

E-Books » Documents & Presentations
Author/Creator
Jim R. Miller
Description
Outlines the history of treaty making in Canada between Aboriginal peoples and the Crown.
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Adam Solway Interview 1

Alternate Title
Indian History Film Project
Oral History » Oral Histories
Author/Creator
Adam Solway
Christine Welsh
Tony Snowsill
Indian History Film Project
Description
Consists of an interview where Adam Solway talks about being orphaned at 8 years and adopted by the Blackfoot Reserve, Alta; his attendance at a residential school; becoming a councillor and then chief of the reserve. He comments on the issues he had to deal with as well as providing comments on contemporary lifestyles and leadership.
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Adam Solway Interview 2

Alternate Title
Indian History Film Project
Oral History » Oral Histories
Author/Creator
Adam Solway
Christine Welsh
Tony Snowsill
Indian History Film Project
Description
This is a continuation of an interview with Adam Solway on January 29, 1983 on the Blackfoot Reserve.
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Advancing Reconciliation Resource for School Councils

E-Books » Documents & Presentations
Author/Creator
Alberta Regional Professional Learning Consortium
Description
Basic information on terminology, cultural diversity, history of First Nation peoples in Alberta, Alberta treaties and treaty relationships, legacy of residential schools, theTruth and Reconciliation Commission and respectful ways to interact with Elders.
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After 100 Years Thunderchild Remembers

Articles » General
Author/Creator
Archie King
Saskatchewan Indian, vol. 9, no. 6, June 1979, pp. 10-11
Description
Thunderchild First Nation commemorates their adhesion to Treaty No.6 by Chief Thunderchild (Peeyasiu-Awasis).
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Ahtahkakoop (c. 1816-96)

Web Sites » Organizations
Author/Creator
Deanna Christensen
The Encyclopedia of Saskatchewan
Description
Explains, in a brief history, how Ahtahkakoop chose the land for the reserve which now bears his name and how he was the second chief to sign Treaty 6 at Fort Carlton in 1876.
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Ahtahkakoop First Nation

Web Sites » Organizations
Author/Creator
Christian Thompson
The Encyclopedia of Saskatchewan
Description
Brief discussion of the contemporary and historical issues related to this Treaty 6 First Nation.
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Alex Alexander Interview

Alternate Title
Indian History Film Project
Oral History » Oral Histories
Author/Creator
Alex Alexander
Alexis Simon
Indian History Film Project
Description
Alex Alexander gives accounts of Treaty #6 which he was told by his grandfather and his uncle.
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Alex Stick Interview

Alternate Title
Indian History Film Project
Oral History » Oral Histories
Author/Creator
Alex Stick
Louis Rain
Indian History Film Project
Description
Discusses Treaty #6 ; the ceremonies at Fort Pitt ; the promises made and broken; stresses need to maintain tradition and culture.
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Alexander Metchewais Interview

Alternate Title
Indian History Film Project
Oral History » Oral Histories
Author/Creator
Alexander Metchewais
Dominic Jacko
Indian History Film Project
Description
Brief summaries of interviews with three Cold Lake elders, touching on a variety of topics.
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Alexander Metchewais Interview

Alternate Title
Indian History Film Project
Oral History » Oral Histories
Author/Creator
Alexander Metchewais
Louis P. Crier
Cyril Musekgo
Indian History Film Project
Description
Discussion of the terms of Treaty #6.NOTE: The interviewer does more talking than the person being interviewed.
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Alexander Metchewais Interview 1

Alternate Title
Indian History Film Project
Oral History » Oral Histories
Author/Creator
Alexander Metchewais
Louis Rain
Indian History Film Project
Description
Interpretation of Treaty #6.
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Alexander Morris

Alternate Title
Loyal till Death: Indians and the North-West Rebellion
Images » Photographs
Description
Caption:: "Alexander Morris, Lieutenant Governor of the North-West Territories, negotiated Treaty Six on behalf of the Canadian government." From the book Loyal till Death: Indians and the North-West Rebellion by Blair Stonechild and Bill Waiser.
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Alexis First Nation Inquiry: TransAlta Utilities Rights of Way Claim

E-Books » Documents & Presentations
Author/Creator
Indian Claims Commission
Description
Historical background and submissions to Indian Claims Commission (ICC) concerning the federal Crown's granting of three rights of way to Calgary Power on Alexis IR133 during 1950s and 1960s. ICC concluded no effort was made to provide annual payments to the Band and recommended the claim be accepted for negotiation under Canada's Specific Claims Policy. Commissioners include: Roger J. Augustine, Daniel J. Bellegarde, Sheila G. Purdy. [This file has been saved and made available online with permission from the Indian Claims Commission website before it closed down in March 2009.]
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Alexis First Nation, TransAlta Utilities - Right of Way, Public Edition

E-Books » Documents & Presentations
Author/Creator
Indian Claims Commission
Description
FILES CAN ONLY BE ACCESSED USING FIREFOX BROWSER. Document contains statements of claim, correspondence/letters, maps and transcripts in regards to Calgary Power's (now TransAlta) access to electrical transmission right of way granted in the 1950s and 1960s. The Commissioners include: Roger J. Augustine, Daniel J. Bellegarde, Sheila G. Purdy.
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Antoine Lonesinger 13 Interview

Alternate Title
Indian History Film Project
Oral History » Oral Histories
Author/Creator
Antoine Lonesinger
Archie Baptiste
Indian History Film Project
Description
Interview includes stories about a ghost priest and a non-existent camp. Also included is a story of how a lame boy's skill as a medicine man won him a chieftainship and a wife.
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Antoine Lonesinger 5 Interview

Alternate Title
Indian History Film Project
Oral History » Oral Histories
Author/Creator
Antoine Lonesinger
Alphonse Littlepoplar
Indian History Film Project
Description
Interview includes a biographical account of Antoine Lonesinger's life that includes stories about farming, trapping, house construction and the making of charcoal and lime. He also tells of the murder of an Indian Agent at the hands of a Blackfoot named Owl Eyes.
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As Long as the Sun Shines ...

Media » Film and Video
Author/Creator
Tasha Hubbard
Description
Comments on the foundations on which treaty was based and that treaties were to be honoured forever. Duration: 9:55
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Beardy Not Given Proper Recognition

Articles » General
Author/Creator
Doug Cuthand
Leader Post, August 9, 2004, p. B1
Description

Historical overview of Willow Cree Chief Kamiscowesit's (or Beardy's) role in the North West Resistance and the negotiations of Treaty 6. Alternate spellings include: Kamayistowesit, Kamdyistowesit.

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Big Bear: Mistahimaskwa, a Hero Worth Commemorating

Alternate Title
Big Bear Mistahimuskwa, a Hero Worth Commemorating
Articles » General
Author/Creator
James Wastasecoot
Canadian Dimension, vol. 41, no. 1, Indian Country, January/February 2007, pp. 52-53
Description
Profile of the Cree leader and his resistance to the control and subjugation of his people by the Crown.
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Big Bear’s Treaty: The Road to Freedom

Articles » General
Author/Creator
Jean Allard
Inroads, no. 11, 2002, pp. 111-171
Description
Overview of developments in the field of Aboriginal affairs since the signing of Treaty 6 in 1882.
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Big River Cree First Nation

Web Sites » Organizations
Author/Creator
Christian Thompson
The Encyclopedia of Saskatchewan
Description
Brief history of the Big River Cree First Nation since the signing of Treaty 6.
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Book Review

Book Reviews
Author/Creator
Bradford W. Morse
Canadian Journal of Native Studies, vol. 18, no. 1, 1998, pp. 144-152
Description
Book review of: Aboriginal and Treaty Rights in Canada: Essays on Law, Equality, and Respect for Difference edited by Michael Asch.
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Buffalo River Band, Flying Dust No. 105, Joseph Bighead Band, and Waterhen Lake First Nations - Primrose Lake Air Weapons Range Inquiry II - Public Release

E-Books » Documents & Presentations
Author/Creator
Indian Claims Commission
Description
FILES CAN ONLY BE ACCESSED USING FIREFOX BROWSER. Consists of reports, maps, correspondence/letters, legal documents, submissions, oral transcripts, and the French and English versions of the Final Report. [These files were created and compiled by the ICC and provided to the Indigenous Studies Portal in 2009 to make widely available in online format.]
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Building Harmony

Media » Film and Video
Author/Creator
Cynthia Block
Description
Looks at the three main objectives of the Office of the Treaty Commissioner: recognize the past, resolve outstanding treaty issues and revive the treaty relationship through education. Duration: 11:59.
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Canada's Subjugation of the Plains Cree, 1879- 1885

Articles » Scholarly, peer reviewed
Author/Creator
John L. Tobias
Canadian Historical Review, vol. 64, no. 4, 1983, pp. 519-548
Description
Argues that contrary to accepted wisdom, the Canadian government did not have honourable and just intentions, but violated treaties by refusing to grant the reserve lands that had been chosen and failing to supply the promised provisions. Instead Commissioner Dewdney used the courts, military and police to bring about political goals.
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Canoe Lake First Nation, Primrose Lake Air Weapons Range Inquiry I, Public Release

E-Books » Documents & Presentations
Author/Creator
Indian Claims Commission
Description
FILES CAN ONLY BE ACCESSED USING FIREFOX BROWSER. Documents consist of documents, correspondence/letters, claim submissions, and the final report in regards to the inquiry, which examined the seizure of 4,500 square miles of land for the weapons range. Commissioners include: Harry S. LaForme, Daniel J. Bellegarde, and P.E. James Prentice. [These files were created and compiled by the ICC and provided to the Indigenous Studies Portal in 2009 to make widely available in online format.]
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Ceremony to return the John Smith Treaty Six Medal

Images » Photographs
Description
File contains 8 negatives showing what appears to be a government official returning the original Treaty Six medal from Queen Victoria given to Chief John Smith to the current Chief of the band (Muskoday). Negatives 2 and 3 are detailed shots of the medal itself.
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Charlie Blackman Interview

Alternate Title
Indian History Film Project
Oral History » Oral Histories
Author/Creator
Charlie Blackman
Louis Rain
Indian History Film Project
Description
Charlie Blackman describes his understanding of Treaty #6.
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Chief Pakan

Alternate Title
Loyal till Death: Indians and the North-West Rebellion
Images » Photographs
Description
Photograph.. Caption: "Pakan or James Seenum, a Woods Cree leader, expected a larger reserve than that allowed for under the treaty. Despite his dispute with the government, he would remain loyal during the rebellion." From the book Loyal till Death: Indians and the North-West Rebellion by Blair Stonechild and Bill Waiser.
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Cold Lake First Nation, Primrose Lake Air Weapons Range Inquiry, Public Release

E-Books » Documents & Presentations
Author/Creator
Indian Claims Commission
Description
FILES CAN ONLY BE ACCESSED USING FIREFOX BROWSER. Consists of minutes, transcripts, statements, correspondence/letters, submissions, and reports regarding the historical claim grievances of two First Nations who had 4,500 square miles of land seized to create the weapons range. Commissioners include: Harry S. LaForme, Daniel J. Bellegarde, and P.E. James Prentice. [These files were created and compiled by the ICC and provided to the Indigenous Studies Portal in 2009 to make widely available in online format.]
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Constantine Scollen, the Forgotten Missionary

Articles » Scholarly, peer reviewed
Author/Creator
Raymond Huel
Alberta History, vol. 59, no. 4, Autumn, 2011, pp. 10-18
Description
Looks at an Oblate missionary that was involved with negotiating and signing Treaties Six and Seven but, due to his questionable behaviour, was ultimately cut off from the Church.
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