Treaty 10

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As Long as the Sun Shines ...

Media » Film and Video
Author/Creator
Tasha Hubbard
Description
Comments on the foundations on which treaty was based and that treaties were to be honoured forever. Duration: 9:55
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Athabasca Denesuliné Inquiry Into the Claim of the Fond du Lac, Black Lake, and Hatchet Lake First Nations

E-Books » E-Books
Author/Creator
Indian Claims Commission
Description
Indian Claims Commission (ICC) considered whether Canada wrongly denied Treaty rights north of the 60th parallel, beyond Treaty 8 and Treaty 10 boundaries. ICC concluded Treaty boundaries did not extend into the traditional lands north of 60; however harvesting rights do extend beyond Treaty boundaries. Recommended the parties negotiate resolution. [This file has been saved and made available online with permission from the Indian Claims Commission website before it closed down in March 2009.]
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Athabasca Denesuline Special Report on the Treaty Harvesting Rights of the Fond Du Lac, Black Lake and Hatchet Lake First Nations

E-Books » Documents & Presentations
Author/Creator
Indian Claims Commission
Description
FILES CAN ONLY BE ACCESSED USING FIREFOX BROWSER. Final, special report examines the legal review of the Athabasca Denesuline claim for formal recognition of treaty harvesting rights north of the 60th parallel. Commissioners were Daniel J. Bellegarde and P.E. James Prentice. [These files were created and compiled by the ICC and provided to the Indigenous Studies Portal in 2009 to make widely available in online format.]
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Buffalo River Band, Flying Dust No. 105, Joseph Bighead Band, and Waterhen Lake First Nations - Primrose Lake Air Weapons Range Inquiry II - Public Release

E-Books » Documents & Presentations
Author/Creator
Indian Claims Commission
Description
FILES CAN ONLY BE ACCESSED USING FIREFOX BROWSER. Consists of reports, maps, correspondence/letters, legal documents, submissions, oral transcripts, and the French and English versions of the Final Report. [These files were created and compiled by the ICC and provided to the Indigenous Studies Portal in 2009 to make widely available in online format.]
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Building Harmony

Media » Film and Video
Author/Creator
Cynthia Block
Description
Looks at the three main objectives of the Office of the Treaty Commissioner: recognize the past, resolve outstanding treaty issues and revive the treaty relationship through education. Duration: 11:59.
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Canoe Lake First Nation, Primrose Lake Air Weapons Range Inquiry I, Public Release

E-Books » Documents & Presentations
Author/Creator
Indian Claims Commission
Description
FILES CAN ONLY BE ACCESSED USING FIREFOX BROWSER. Documents consist of documents, correspondence/letters, claim submissions, and the final report in regards to the inquiry, which examined the seizure of 4,500 square miles of land for the weapons range. Commissioners include: Harry S. LaForme, Daniel J. Bellegarde, and P.E. James Prentice. [These files were created and compiled by the ICC and provided to the Indigenous Studies Portal in 2009 to make widely available in online format.]
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Cold Lake First Nation, Primrose Lake Air Weapons Range Inquiry, Public Release

E-Books » Documents & Presentations
Author/Creator
Indian Claims Commission
Description
FILES CAN ONLY BE ACCESSED USING FIREFOX BROWSER. Consists of minutes, transcripts, statements, correspondence/letters, submissions, and reports regarding the historical claim grievances of two First Nations who had 4,500 square miles of land seized to create the weapons range. Commissioners include: Harry S. LaForme, Daniel J. Bellegarde, and P.E. James Prentice. [These files were created and compiled by the ICC and provided to the Indigenous Studies Portal in 2009 to make widely available in online format.]
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eCulture

Web Sites » Organizations
Author/Creator
Leo J. Omani
Description
Website contains links to: information about individual communities, culture, treaty, timeline, video and audio clips, and interviews with Elders. Suitable as a classroom resource.
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The Importance of Oral and Extrinsic Historical Evidence in Understanding Indian Treaties

Book Reviews
Author/Creator
John F. Leslie
Archivaria, no. 53, Spring, 2002, pp. [122]-129
Description
Review essay on: The True Spirit and Original Intent of Treaty 7 by Treaty 7 Elders and Tribal Council with Walter Hildebrandt, Sarah Carter, and Dorothy First Rider. Bounty and Benevolence: A History of Saskatchewan Treaties by Arthur J. Ray, Jim Miller, and Frank Tough. Mi'kmaq Treaties on Trial: History, Land, and Donald Marshall Junior by William C. Wicken.
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Indian Claims Commission Proceedings (1995)

E-Books » Documents & Presentations
Author/Creator
Indian Claims Commission
Description
Includes reports for Athabasca Denesuline Inquiry, the Fond du Lac claim, Black Lake and Hatchet Lake First Nations; Lax Kw'alaams Indian Band Inquiry and claim, Young Chipeewayan Inquiry, claim regarding Stoney Knoll Indian Reserve No. 107, Micmacs of Gesgapegiag Inquiry, claim to Horse Island, Chippewas of the Thames Inquiry, Muney Land Claim.
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Indian Claims Commission Proceedings (1995) 3 ICCP

E-Books » E-Books
Author/Creator
Indian Claims Commission
Description
Reports include the Athabasca Denesuline Inquiry, Lax Kw'alaams Indian Band Inquiry, Young Chipeewayan Inquiry, Micmacs of Gesgapegiag Inquiry, Chippewas of the Thames Inquiry and responses from the Minister of Indian Affairs and Northern Development. [This file has been saved and made available online with permission from the Indian Claims Commission website before it closed down in March 2009.]
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Jonas Littlefear Interview

Alternate Title
Indian History Film Project
Oral History » Oral Histories
Author/Creator
Jonas Littlefear
Louis Rain
Indian History Film Project
Description
This 67-year-old gentleman discusses the terms of Treaty 10, problems with alcohol, and the need for Indian peoples to unite as an effective voice.
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Map of Saskatchewan Treaty Areas

Web Sites » Governmental
Author/Creator
Government of Saskatchewan
Description
Displays a map of Saskatchewan showing boundaries of Treaty 8, 10, 6, 5, 4 and 2.
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Polygone de Tir Aérien de Primrose Lake II - Rapport D'Enquête: Joseph Bighead, Buffalo River, Waterhen Lake, Flying Dust

Alternate Title
Primrose Lake Air Weapons Range Report II: Joseph Bighead First Nation Inquiry, Buffalo River First Nation Inquiry, Waterhen Lake First Nation Inquiry, Flying Dust First Nation Inquiry (French Version)
E-Books » Documents & Presentations
Author/Creator
Indian Claims Commission
Description
Final Report examines historical background and submission to Indian Claims Commission (ICC) regarding loss of traditional land use when Canada created the bombing range; breach of Treaty by the Crown and failure to provide economic compensation. ICC recommended the claim be negotiated under the Specific Claims Policy except for the Joseph Bighead First Nation whose claim had been properly rejected by the Minister. (French language version) Commissioners include: Daniel J. Bellegarde and P.E.
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Primrose Lake Air Weapons Range Report: Cold Lake First Nations Rejected Claim Inquiry, Canoe Lake Cree Nation Rejected Claim Inquiry

E-Books » Documents & Presentations
Author/Creator
Indian Claims Commission
Description
Historical background and submission to Indian Claims Commission (ICC) regarding the loss of 4500 square miles of land by the two First Nations. ICC found breaches of Treaty and other fiduciary obligations and recommended the claim be negotiated under Canada's Specific Claims Policy. Commissioners include: Harry S. LaForme, Daniel J. Bellegarde, and P. E. James Prentice. [This file has been saved and made available online with permission from the Indian Claims Commission website before it closed down in March 2009.]
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Primrose Lake Air Weapons Range Report II: Joseph Bighead First Nation Inquiry, Buffalo River First Nation Inquiry, Waterhen Lake First Nation Inquiry, Flying Dust First Nation Inquiry

E-Books » Documents & Presentations
Author/Creator
Indian Claims Commission
Description
Final Report examines historical background and submission to Indian Claims Commission (ICC) regarding loss of traditional land use when Canada created the bombing range; breach of Treaty by the Crown and failure to provide economic compensation. ICC recommended the claim be negotiated under the Specific Claims Policy except for the Joseph Bighead First Nation whose claim had been properly rejected by the Minister. Commissioners include: Daniel J. Bellegarde and P.E. James Prentice.
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Rapport sur L'Enquête Relative aux Revendications de Cold Lake Polygone de Tir Aérien de Primrose Lake

Alternate Title
Primrose Lake Air Weapons Report: Cold Lake First Nations Rejected Claim Inquiry, Canoe Lake Cree Nation Rejected Claim Inquiry (French Language Version)
E-Books » Documents & Presentations
Author/Creator
Indian Claims Commission
Description
Historical background and submission to Indian Claims Commission (ICC) regarding the loss of 4500 square miles of land by the two First Nations. ICC found breaches of Treaty and other fiduciary obligations and recommended the claim be negotiated under Canada's Specific Claims Policy. French language version. Commissioners include: Harry S. LaForme, Daniel J. Bellegarde, and P. E. James Prentice. [These files were created and compiled by the ICC and provided to the Indigenous Studies Portal in 2009 to make widely available in online format.]
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The Role of the Elders

Media » Film and Video
Author/Creator
Cynthia Block
Description
Looks at the key teachings from Elders: respect, kindness, love, forgiveness, integrity and patience. Also discusses the Circle of Life Duration: 15:07.
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Royal Commission on Aboriginal Peoples: Presentation by John Dantouze, Prince Albert Tribal Council

Alternate Title
Royal Commission on Aboriginal Peoples - Transcriptions of Public Hearings and Round Table Discussions
E-Books » Documents & Presentations
Author/Creator
John Dantouze
Description
File contains a presentation by John Dantouze, Prince Albert Tribal Council. Dantouze presents on behalf of Saskatchewan's three Denesuline nations with regard to their Treaties (Number Eight and Number Ten) and their court case against the federal government. The case centred around the negotiations between the government and the Inuit to create Nunavut, and the Dene argued that their traditional territories were being unfairly partitioned and given away to the new territory.
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Royal Commission on Aboriginal Peoples: Presentation by Maggie Hodgeson, Nechi Institute

E-Books » Documents & Presentations
Description
File contains a presentation by Maggie Hodgeson discussing the Nechi Institute's purpose and goals. In the last 18 years this Aboriginal training institute has trained 2500 counsellors to work in the 15 Aboriginal treatment programs and 30 prevention programs in Alberta. Hodgeson calls for the Commission to ensure funding for the Nechi Institute continues because its graduates are contributing to the decline of substance abuse among Aboriginals in Alberta.
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Saskatchewan Heritage 1985: Commemorating our Past, Building our Future

Archival » Archival Items
Author/Creator
Government of Saskatchewan
Description
Government of Saskatchewan promotional pamphlet hailing 1985 as Saskatchewan Heritage Year. Part of the reason for this is the centennial of the Northwest Resistance, and the pamphlet encourages the public to visit historic sites related to it.
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Solomo Peyopiskos Interview

Alternate Title
Indian History Film Project
Oral History » Oral Histories
Author/Creator
Solomo Peyopiskos
Louis Rain
Indian History Film Project
Description
This 86-year-old gentleman discusses Treaty #10 and his understanding of the terms. The informant was present at the signing.
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Strategic Implications and Considerations for Treaty Rights to Sustenance

Alternate Title
Between Keewatin and Tsilhqot'in: Reflections From the Centre of Turtle Island
Media » Film and Video
Author/Creator
Michael Anderson
Description
Presentation by the director of the Natural Resources Secretariat, Manitoba Keewatinowi Okimakanak, which provides research, policy analysis and negotiation support. Duration: 37:42.
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Treaties and the Law

Media » Film and Video
Author/Creator
Cynthia Block
Description
Video reports that Canadian law recognizes treaties as solemn, sacred agreements that create legally enforceable obligations on behalf of the First Nations and the Crown. Duration: 33:08.
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Treaties Instrumental in Creating Province

Articles » General
Author/Creator
Doug Cuthand
StarPhoenix, March 31, 2006, p. A11
Description
Relates three disasters in Saskatchewan that led to the signing of numbered treaties starting with Treaty 4 in 1874.
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Treaty 10

Alternate Title
Treaty 10
Treaty No. 10
Treaty No. Ten
Treaty Ten
Web Sites » Organizations
Author/Creator
Rob Nestor
Description
Brief introduction to Treaty 10.
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Treaty No. 10 and Reports of Commissioners

E-Books » Documents & Presentations
Author/Creator
J. A. J. McKenna
Thomas. A. Borthwick
Description
Concluded in 1906 between the Crown and the Chipewyan, Cree and other Indigenous inhabitants. Includes Orders in Council, Ratification, Reports of J.A.J. McKenna and Thomas A. Borthwick; 1906 statement of annuities and gratuities.
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Treaty Research Report: Treaty No. 10 (1906)

E-Books » Documents & Presentations
Author/Creator
Kenneth S. Coates
William R. Morrison
Description
Argues that treaty was concluded after provincial borders were created. Report includes instructions to Crown negotiators, historical context and a section on Métis claims.
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Veteran Daniels Will Be Missed

Articles » General
Author/Creator
Doug Cuthand
Leader Post, September 11, 2006, p. B1
Description
Article commemorates the accomplishments of a noted leader and representative of Aboriginal war veterans.
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We Are All Part of Treaty

Media » Film and Video
Author/Creator
Cynthia Block
Description
Looks at the arrival of the Europeans, First Nations teaching the newcomers survival skills, treaty negotiations and more. Duration: 6:34.
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We Are All Treaty People

Media » Film and Video
Author/Creator
Office of the Treaty Commissioner
Description
Discusses the mandate of the Office of the Treaty Commissioner as well as the obligations and benefits of Treaty. Duration: 14:44.
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Yesterday’s Promises: The Negotiation of Treaty Ten

Alternate Title
Yesterday’s Promises: The Negotiation of Treaty 10
Articles » Scholarly, peer reviewed
Author/Creator
Anthony G. Gulig
Saskatchewan History, vol. 50, no. 1, Spring, 1998, pp. 25-39
Description
Describes the process through which the Treaty 10 was negotiated and the underlying motives of the Canadian government, the Cree people and the Dené people. Discusses differences in opinion about the rights and enshrined therein, and the government’s prosecution of Indigenous harvesters. Entire issue on one .pdf, scroll to page 25.
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