Treaty 9

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1983 Elders' Conference 4/5

Alternate Title
Indian History Film Project
Oral History » Oral Histories
Author/Creator
Ted Wheatley
Ernest Benedict
Angus Nogongiig
Jim Dumont
Johnny Thomas
Sam Osawamick
Alex Fox
John Tootoosis
Louis Bruce
Sid Fiddler
Lawrence Tobacco
Mary Lou Fox
Eddie Benton
Herman Atkinson
Chief Carl Robert
Indian History Film Project
Description
The role of education in the loss of spiritual and cultural values ; evidence of previous and planned oppression by non-Indians ; revival of interest in traditional values and the role ofelders as a source of knowledge.
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Adam Solway Interview 1

Alternate Title
Indian History Film Project
Oral History » Oral Histories
Author/Creator
Adam Solway
Christine Welsh
Tony Snowsill
Indian History Film Project
Description
Consists of an interview where Adam Solway talks about being orphaned at 8 years and adopted by the Blackfoot Reserve, Alta; his attendance at a residential school; becoming a councillor and then chief of the reserve. He comments on the issues he had to deal with as well as providing comments on contemporary lifestyles and leadership.
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Adam Solway Interview 2

Alternate Title
Indian History Film Project
Oral History » Oral Histories
Author/Creator
Adam Solway
Christine Welsh
Tony Snowsill
Indian History Film Project
Description
This is a continuation of an interview with Adam Solway on January 29, 1983 on the Blackfoot Reserve.
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Book Review

Book Reviews
Author/Creator
Bradford W. Morse
Canadian Journal of Native Studies, vol. 18, no. 1, 1998, pp. 144-152
Description
Book review of: Aboriginal and Treaty Rights in Canada: Essays on Law, Equality, and Respect for Difference edited by Michael Asch.
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A Brief Guide to the James Bay Controversy

Archival » Archival Items
Author/Creator
Canadian Association in Support of Native Peoples
Description
Concerns about man-made environmental damage with the undertaking of the James Bay Project is the focus of this booklet. Also mentioned is relocation of 7000 Cree persons and flooding of land.

Historical note:

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Caroline Vandale Interview

Alternate Title
Indian History Film Project
Oral History » Oral Histories
Author/Creator
Caroline Vandale
Carol Pearlstone
Indian History Film Project
Description
Mrs. Vandale was born in Carlton in 1902. She shares what her father told her about the cause of the Riel Rebellion. She also talks about the Metis people in relation to the Depression, WWI, WWII, and the attitudes of police, teachers, government agencies, etc. towards the Metis people.
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Chief Asks Church's Support For Treaties

Articles » General
Author/Creator
Marites N. Sison
Anglican Journal, vol. 134, no. 3, March 2008, p. 10
Description
Discusses an aboriginal leaders request for the Anglican Church to back aboriginal Canadians demands regarding court rulings on treaty rights.
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Elmira McLeod Interview #3

Alternate Title
Indian History Film Project
Oral History » Oral Histories
Author/Creator
Ranald Thurgood
Elmira McLeod
Indian History Film Project
Description
Consists of an interview where she gives an account of ghost stories and superstitions.
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The Far North Act (2010) Consultative Process: A New Beginning or the Reinforcement of an Unacceptable Relationship in Northern Ontario, Canada?

Articles » Scholarly, peer reviewed
Author/Creator
Holly L. Gardner
Stephen R. J. Tsuji
Daniel D. McCarthy
Graham S. Whitelaw
Leonard J. S. Tsuji
International Indigenous Policy Journal, vol. 3, no. 2, 2012, pp. 1-23
Description
Explores the lack of consultation of Bill 191 beginning in 2009 and concludes that minimum standards and protocols are not being met and there has been little improvement in process.
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First Nations Land Disputes

Alternate Title
CBC-TV News in Review
Teacher Resource Guide
Articles » General
Author/Creator
CBC [Canadian Broadcasting Corporation] Learning
News in Review, January 2015, pp. 17-22
Description
Classroom lesson plan to accompany segment on DVD News in Review: January 2015.
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The Fiscal Body of Sovereignty: To 'Make Live' in Indian Country

Articles » Scholarly, peer reviewed
Author/Creator
Shiri Pasternak
Settler Colonial Studies, vol. 6, no. 4, October 2016, pp. 317-338
Description
Examines how Canada investigated and distorted Attawapiskat Chief Theresa Spence's band finances as a way to discredit her demands that governments respect her community's treaty rights.
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Generations of Betrayal: Mishkeegogamang, Called `Mish' by Those who Live There, is a Community that Sums up all that is Wrong with Canada's Treatment of Native People

Articles » General
Canada and the World Backgrounder, vol. 67, no. 6, May 2002, pp. 20-3
Description
Social and health problems of the Ojibway of northwestern Ontario in Treaty 9 territory, due in a large part to dams causing flooding of traditional hunting, fishing and trapping lands, and the peoples' subsequent move to reserve.
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Is it Time to Build a Road to Prosperity in the Far North?

Articles » General
Author/Creator
Mark Quinn
Inside Policy, June/July 2013, pp. 14-15
Description
Discusses the improved quality of life a road, power and broadband would bring to remote northern Ontario communities. Entire issue on one pdf. To access article, scroll to page 14.
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The James Bay Treaty, Treaty No. 9 (made in 1905 and 1906) and Adhesions Made in 1929 and 1930

Alternate Title
The James Bay Treaty, Treaty 9 (made in 1905 and 1906) and Adhesions Made in 1929 and 1930
The James Bay Treaty, Treaty Nine (made in 1905 and 1906) and Adhesions Made in 1929 and 1930
E-Books » Documents & Presentations
Author/Creator
Government of Canada
Description
Concluded 1905 between the Crown and the Ojibeway, Cree and other Indigenous peoples of the territory. Includes Articles, Schedules, Report of Commissioners, Federal Provincial Agreement, 1907 Adhesion, and Order in Council. Crown text of Treaty reprinted from 1931 edition Queen's Printer document.
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The James Bay Treaty Turns 100

Web Sites » Governmental
Author/Creator
Archives of Ontario
Description
Online exhibit with links to expeditions of 1905-1906, developing the treaty relationship, 1905-2005, the James Bay Treaty and people, and events surrounding the making of Treaty No. 9.
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Joseph Lee Phelps Interview

Alternate Title
Indian History Film Project
Oral History » Oral Histories
Author/Creator
J.L. Phelps
Murray Dobbin
Indian History Film Project
Description
Mr. Phelps was the Minister of Natural Resources in the Saskatchewan CCF government from 1944 to 1948. He speaks of attempts to replace welfare in the north with programs for fish and fur marketing.
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Joseph R. MacAuley Sr. Interview

Alternate Title
Indian History Film Project
Oral History » Oral Histories
Author/Creator
Joseph R. MacAuley
Murray Dobbin
Indian History Film Project
Description
Mr. MacAuley tells of the changes that have taken place in Cumberland House including the increase in crime and alcoholism.
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Keenebonanoh Keemoshominook Kaeshe Peemishikhik Odaskiwakh = We Stand on the Graves of Our Ancestors: Native Interpretations of Treaty No. 9 with Attawapiskat Elders

Alternate Title
Keenebonanoh Keemoshominook Kaeshe Peemishikhik Odaskiwakh = We Stand on the Graves of Our Ancestors: Native Interpretations of Treaty 9 with Attawapiskat Elders
Keenebonanoh Keemoshominook Kaeshe Peemishikhik Odaskiwakh = We Stand on the Graves of Our Ancestors: Native Interpretations of Treaty Nine with Attawapiskat Elders
Keenebonanoh Keemoshominook Kaeshe Peemishikhik Odaskiwakh = We Stand on the Graves of Our Ancestors: Native Interpretations of Treaty No. Nine with Attawapiskat Elders
Theses
Author/Creator
Jacqueline Hookimaw-Witt
Description
Canadian Heritage and Development Studies Thesis (M.A.)--Trent University, 1998.
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Last of the Indian Treaties

Articles » General
Author/Creator
Duncan Campbell Scott
Scribner's Magazine, vol. 40, no. [62?], [November] 1906, pp. 573-582
Description
One of the Commissioners of Treaty No. 9 (James Bay Treaty) gives brief history of treaties and a description of expedition undertaken to acquire signatures of Aboriginal leaders. Language and attitudes in article are highly racist.
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Maps of Treaty-Making in Canada

Alternate Title
[Timelines and Maps]
Web Sites » Governmental
Author/Creator
[Aboriginal Affairs and Northern Development Canada]
Description
Series of maps illustrates the historical evolution of Canada through treaty-making, focusing on the numbered treaties. Previously titled Timelines and Maps.
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Max Ireland Interview #2

Alternate Title
Indian History Film Project
Oral History » Oral Histories
Author/Creator
Max Ireland
Alex Cywink
Indian History Film Project
Description
Consists of an interview where he gives accounts of storytelling amongst the Oneida; accounts of the educational system and its abuses.
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Mederic McDougall Interview

Alternate Title
Indian History Film Project
Oral History » Oral Histories
Author/Creator
Mederic McDougall
Carol Pearlstone
Indian History Film Project
Description
Mr. McDougall is descended from French and Scottish halfbreeds and is active in the Metis Society of Saskatchewan. He gives an account of the Metis way of life and philosophy, the Riel Rebellion, shares memories of WWI, WWII and the Depression. He also talks about the discrimination against native people.
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Mrs. Adelaide Ranger

Alternate Title
Indian History Film Project
Oral History » Oral Histories
Author/Creator
Adelaide (Mrs.) Ranger
Carol Pearlstone
Indian History Film Project
Description
Mrs. Ranger was born in Batoche around 1892. She gives an account of the Riel Rebellion of 1885 as told by her mother, shares childhood memories of Gabriel Dumont, the effects on the Metis community by the Depression and the two world wars and gives her impressions of how the Metis are treated by various outside groups.
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Mrs. Alexandrine Nicolas Interview

Alternate Title
Indian History Film Project
Oral History » Oral Histories
Author/Creator
Alexandrine (Mrs.) Nicolas
Carol Pearlstone
Indian History Film Project
Description
Mrs. Nicolas, nee Fleury, was born in Duck Lake in 1887. After a brief period in the U.S. where she attended school she returned to the Duck Lake area where she has lived ever since. She shares her experiences of raising her family of ten plus three foster children, her childhood, schooling and life on a mixed farm including the Depression years. She also gives an account of the Frog Lake Massacre as told by her grandfather, and of relatives who fought in WWI, WWII and the Korean war.
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Mrs. Mary Jacobson Interview

Alternate Title
Indian History Film Project
Oral History » Oral Histories
Author/Creator
Mary (Mrs.) Jacobson
Carol Pearlstone
Indian History Film Project
Description
Consists of an interview with Mary Jacobson, the daughter of a Hudson's Bay manager. She talks about job discrimination against Indian and Metis, how welfare payments have destroyed the old way of life and tells a story of the Riel Rebellion of 1885 that her mother told her.
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Native Minorities and Ethnic Conflict in Canada

Articles » General
Author/Creator
Jean Leonard Elliott.
Current History, vol. 66, no. 392, 1974, pp. 177-181
Description
This article places the issue of the James Bay Project for the development of hydroelectric power into a historical and political perspective and discusses its effects upon the Aboriginals of Quebec.
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Nishnawbe Aski Nation

Web Sites » Organizations
Author/Creator
Nishnawbe Aski Nation
Description
Presents a political organization representing 49 First Nation communities with James Bay Treaty 9 territory and the Ontario portions of Treaty 5.
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Nishnawbe-Aski Nation: Part 1

Alternate Title
Confrontations Over Resources Development: Ipperwash Inquiry
Part 1: Nishnawbe-Aski Nation
E-Books » Documents & Presentations
Author/Creator
Wally M. McKay
Description
Discusses resource development, blockades and social problems.
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On the Path of the Elders

Alternate Title
Mushkegowuk Cree, Anishinaabe Ojibway: Explore Treaty 9: As Understood by Our Elders
Web Sites » Organizations
Author/Creator
On The Path of the Elders
Description
Includes links to: on-line game, galleries (elders video collection, Doug Ellis Collection of audio recordings of legends, personal stories, memories and conversations gathered between 1955 and 1965; Deschâtelets Archive of photographs taken around the time of Treaty 9), history, and teacher's guides for grades 4-10.
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Resurging through Kishiichiwan: The Spatial Politics of Indigenous Water Relations

Articles » Scholarly, peer reviewed
Author/Creator
Michelle Daigle
Decolonization, vol. 7, no. 1, Indigenous Peoples and the Politics of Water, 2018, pp. 159-172
Description
Discusses the Mushkegowuk people’s relationship to water and how it has been ruptured in the interests of extractive industries and economic development. Also discusses efforts to reconnect with and protect waterways.
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Royal Commission on Aboriginal Peoples: Presentation by the Abitibiwinni Band (Pikogan) Chief Harry McDougal and Edward Kistabish

Alternate Title
Royal Commission on Aboriginal Peoples - Transcriptions of Public Hearings and Round Table Discussions
E-Books » Documents & Presentations
Author/Creator
Harry McDougal
Edward Kistabish
Description
File contains a presentation by the Abitibiwinni Band (Pikogan), Chief Harry McDougal and Edward Kistabish. The Band representatives discuss their land claim, and their unique position as the only Algonquin band in the area who are signatories to Treaty 9. In addition to this they discuss how some members of their communities are subject to the James Bay agreement, which makes for a complex legal situation for their people. Following the presentation the two presenters discuss some of these issues with the assembled Commissioners.
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Royal Commission on Aboriginal Peoples: Presentation by Vern Cheechoo

E-Books » Documents & Presentations
Description
File contains a presentation by Vern Cheechoo. Cheechoo discusses the diversity of people in the Moose Factory area (both in terms of Aboriginal groups, and non-Aboriginals) making various distinctions, and stating that the inherent right to self-government comes from a relationship with the territory itself. Cheechoo also discusses the need to acknowledge diversities and begin to "cherish and begin to give honour to each other because of our distinctiveness."
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Royal Commission on Aboriginal Peoples: Presentation by Wilbert McLeod

E-Books » Documents & Presentations
Description
File contains a presentation by Wilbert McLeod. McLeod represents the Moose Factory Claimant Group, whose grandparents were "arbitrarily exluded from Treaty No. 9 in 1905 by the Treaty Commissioners." McLeod lays out his organizations claim and discusses how the ancestors of his organization were left out of Treaty 9, and how that Treaty was negotiated in an arbitrary manner by officials who did not consider how the people defined themselves.
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