Treaties

Dene Declaration - 21 August 1975.

E-Books » Documents & Presentations
Author/Creator
The DRUM newspaper
Description
Seven photocopied newspaper articles relating to the Dene Declaration passed in 1975. Article subjects include a draft of the Dene Declaration, the Dene Manifesto, and a statement from Chief Frank T'seleie of Fort Good Hope, NWT.

Historical note:

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Deteriorating Classrooms Concern Montreal Band

Articles » General
Author/Creator
Florence Poorman
Saskatchewan Indian, vol. 7, no. 4, April 1977, p. 31
Description
Montreal Lake Band Council addresses their inadequate education facility and poor school programs.
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Diamonds are for Dogribs; Canada's First Nations

Alternate Title
Diamonds are for Dogribs; Canada's First Nations.(A Canadian first nation wins a land claim)
Articles » Scholarly, peer reviewed
The Economist (US), vol. 368, no. 8339, August 30, 2003, p. 26
Description
On August 25, 2003 Prime Minister Chretien signed the Tlicho Treaty, the second recent Treaty agreement in Canada; it provides for self-government and mineral wealth to the Tlicho First Nation of Rae Edzo and traditional land adjacent to two diamond mines.
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The Diminishment of the Great Sioux Reservation: Treaties, Tricks, and Time

Articles » Scholarly, peer reviewed
Author/Creator
Alan L. Neville
Alyssa Kaye Anderson
Great Plains Quarterly, vol. 33, no. 4, Fall, 2013, pp. 237-251
Description
Looks at several treaties and acts which all contributed to loss of land belonging to the Sioux: Fort Laramie Treaty of 1851; Homestead Act of 1862; Fort Laramie Treaty of 1868; Act of 1877; Allotment Act of 1886; Act of 1889 and Wheeler-Howard Act; Pick-Sloan Flood Control Act of 1944; Indian Land Consolidation Act.
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Document 1: The Office of the Treaty Commissioner: Challenges and Changes in First Nations Law: Speaking Notes of David Arnot, Treaty Commissioner for the Province of Saskatchewan to Canadian Bar Association, Saskatchewan Branch, Native Law Section 11 April 1997

Alternate Title
The Office of the Treaty Commissioner: Challenges and Changes in First Nations Law
Articles » Scholarly, peer reviewed
Author/Creator
David Arnot
Native Studies Review, vol. 11, no. 2, 1996, pp. 137-146
Description
Outlines guiding principles, scope of work, role and philosophy of the office, protocols and procedures, and conditions for success.
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Document One: Memorandum for the Hon[uorable] the Indian Commissioner Relative to the Future Management of Indians

Archival » Archival Items
Author/Creator
Hayter Reed
Native Studies Review, vol. 2, no. 2, pp. 127-130
Description
Memorandum written July 20, 1885 by Hayter Reed, Assistant Indian Commissioner to Indian Commissioner, Edgar Dewdney outlining policies appropriate to the post-rebellion era. The document is divided in two parts: on the right is text of the memorandum and on the left comments written by Edgard Dewdney.See also Document Two: Reply to the Above Memorandum
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Document Two: Reply to the Above Memorandum

Articles » Scholarly, peer reviewed
Author/Creator
John A. Macdonald
Native Studies Review , vol. 2, no. 2, 1986, p. 131
Description
Response from John A. Macdonald, Prime Minister and Superintendent General of Indian Affairs, to Document One: Memorandum for the Hon[uorable] the Indian Commissioner Relative to the Future Management of Indians , which underscored control and manipulation of Indian Affairs.
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Documenting Tradition: Territoriality and Textuality in Black Hawk’s Narrative

Articles » Scholarly, peer reviewed
Author/Creator
Mark Rifkin
American Literature, vol. 80, no. 4, December 2008, pp. 677-705
Description
Discusses how Life of Ma-Ka-Tai-Me-She-Kia-Kiak, or Black Hawk contextualizes the Battle of Bad Axe within previous conflicts between the U.S. government and Indigenous peoples of the Great Lake region over conceptions of landholding, diplomacy and trade.
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Documents [Introduction to Documents and Commentaries]

Alternate Title
Comment on Treaty Alliance by Chief Bernard Ominayak
Comment on Treaty Alliance by Chief Billy Diamond
Comment on Treaty Alliance by George Erasmus
[Document One]: Treaty Alliance of North American Aboriginal Nations
Archival » Archival Items
Author/Creator
Winona L. Stevenson
James B. Waldram
Georges Erasmus
Billy Diamond
Bernard Ominayak
Native Studies Review, vol. 5, no. 2, pp. 113-125
Description
Focuses on the Treaty Alliance of North American Aboriginal Nations which is a mutual defense pact. Includes supportive commentaries.
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Doing Away With Treaties Would Be Two-Way Street

Articles » General
Author/Creator
Doug Cuthand
StarPhoenix, December 5, 2003, p. A15
Description
Examines the lack of respect and understanding in Saskatchewan for historical Aboriginal treaties and current constitutional rights.
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Doing Treaty Land Entitlement Research in Saskatchewan

Articles » Scholarly, peer reviewed
Author/Creator
Peggy Martin-McGuire
Practicing Anthropology, vol. 18, no. 4, Fall, 1996, pp. 29-32
Description
The author recounts her own personal experience working as a special advisor to the Office of the Treaty Commissioner to discuss contemporary treaty negotiations.
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Dolphus Houle Interview

Alternate Title
Indian History Film Project
Oral History » Oral Histories
Author/Creator
Dolphus Houle
Ernest Crane
Indian History Film Project
Description
Interview relates entirely to the interviewee's inability to obtain treaty status.
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Don McLean Interview

Alternate Title
Indian History Film Project
Oral History » Oral Histories
Author/Creator
Don McLean
Christine Welsh
Indian History Film Project
Description
Consists of an interview with non-Indian employed at the Gabriel Dumont Institute in Regina. At the time of the interview he was writing a book on the history of the Metis nation.
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Duty to Consult

Media » Film and Video
Author/Creator
Gerald Heckman
Description
Discusses the right of Aboriginal title and duty to consult. Presents examples where Aboriginal people and the Crown have come together to reach an agreement. Duration: 7:30.
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Editorial: Indian Control of Indian Education--40 Years Later

Articles » Scholarly, peer reviewed
Author/Creator
Michelle Pidgeon
Jo-ann Archibald
Marissa Muñoz
Canadian Journal of Native Education, vol. 36, no. 1, Indian Control of Indian Education--40 Years Later, 2013, pp. 1-4, 148-149
Description
Gives highlights of articles appearing in the issue.
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Edward Fox Interview 1

Alternate Title
Indian History Film Project
Oral History » Oral Histories
Author/Creator
Edward Fox
Alexis Simon
Indian History Film Project
Description
Describes the relationship of the Indians to their natural surroundings and gives accounts of Treaty #6 obtained from his grandfathers.
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Edward Fox Interview 2

Alternate Title
Indian History Film Project
Oral History » Oral Histories
Author/Creator
Edward Fox
Richard Lightning
Indian History Film Project
Description
Mr. Fox tells of life before white men came; of the foods, medicines and so forth.
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Eel River Bar First Nation Inquiry: Eel River Dam Claim

E-Books » E-Books
Author/Creator
Indian Claims Commission
Description
Historical background and submissions to Indian Claims Commission (ICC) regarding a 1963 dam built on-reserve and its effect on the First Nation's fishing rights, and obligations owed by Canada. ICC recommended the claim not be accepted for Specific Claims Policy due to compensation already received. [This file has been saved and made available online with permission from the Indian Claims Commission website before it closed down in March 2009.]
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The Effect of First Nations Modern Treaties on Local Income

Alternate Title
E-Brief (C.D. Howe Institute). Public Governance and Accountability
E-Books » Documents & Presentations
Author/Creator
Fernando M. Aragón
Description
Compares communities that implemented a treaty between 1991 and 2006 to those who have not in British Columbia, the Northwest Territories, and Yukon.
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Eighteenth-Century Treaties: Amended Iroquois Condolence Rituals

Articles » Scholarly, peer reviewed
Author/Creator
Michael M. Pomedli
American Indian Quarterly, vol. 19, no. 3, Summer, 1995, pp. 319-339
Description
Author examines 13 treaties made between 1736 and 1762 and collected for publication by Benjamin Franklin; argues that the texts of the treaties demonstrate not only the influence of the Iroquois signatories, but also their worldview and spiritual practice, and function as a form of ritual or ceremony.
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Elmira McLeod Interview #6

Alternate Title
Indian History Film Project
Oral History » Oral Histories
Author/Creator
Ranald Thurgood
Elmira McLeod
Indian History Film Project
Description
Consists of an interview with Elmira McLeod where she gives a general account of her life.
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Empowering Treaty Federalism

Articles » Scholarly, peer reviewed
Author/Creator
James [sákéj] Youngblood Henderson
Saskatchewan Law Review, vol. 58, 1994, pp. 241-329
Description
Examines treaty federalism as a relationship and not just an idea, also argues for consolidation of treaty federalism and provincial federalism.
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Enquête sur la Revendication de la Première Nation Dakota de Canupawakpa Relative à la Cession des Collines Turtle

Alternate Title
Inquiry Report for the Canupawakpa Dakota First Nation - Turtle Mountain Surrender Claim (French Version)
E-Books » Documents & Presentations
Author/Creator
Indian Claims Commission
Description
Historical background and submissions to Indian Claims Commission (ICC) on whether a 1909 surrender vote was improperly conducted and therefore invalid. ICC concluded a valid surrender occurred; but recommended consideration be given to existence of burial grounds. (French language version) Commissioners include: Roger J. Austine, Daniel J. Bellegarde, and Sheila G. Purdy. [These files were created and compiled by the ICC and provided to the Indigenous Studies Portal in 2009 to make widely available in online format.]
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