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2015-16 First Nations Regional Health Survey

Alternate Title
Phase 3 First Nations Regional Health Survey
E-Books » Documents & Presentations
Author/Creator
Information Governance & Data Projects
Union of Nova Scotia Indians
Description
Presents results for adults, youth and children. Under each there are sections dealing with demographics, indicators and predictors of personal health and wellness, health care, and community health and wellness. Version 2.0.
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Abdominal Adiposity and Physical Activity in Cree First Nations Children Living On-Reserve in an Alberta Community

Alternate Title
Original Research
Articles » Scholarly, peer reviewed
Author/Creator
Ashlee-Ann E. Pigford
Dia Sanou
Geoff D. C. Ball
David Dyck Fehderau
Noreen D. Willows
Canadian Journal of Diabetes, vol. 35, no. 4, September 2011, pp. 328-333
Description
Looks at a study of Cree First Nations children, aged 5 to 12, to determine predisposition to cardiovascular disease and type 2 diabetes coupled with level of physical activity.
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Adequate Nutrient Intakes Are Associated With Traditional Food Consumption in Nunavut Inuit Children Aged 3-5 Years

Articles » Scholarly, peer reviewed
Author/Creator
Louise Johnson-Down
Grace M. Egeland
The Journal of Nutrition, vol. 140, no. 7, July 2010, pp. 1311-1316
Description
Based on survey data gathered from 388 children living in 16 communities. Concludes risks factors are weight, obesity, and tooth decay and recommends emphasis on traditional diet and quality food.
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Adipokines and Incident Type 2 Diabetes in an Aboriginal Canadian Population: The Sandy Lake Health and Diabetes Project

Articles » Scholarly, peer reviewed
Author/Creator
Sylvia H. Ley
Stewart B. Harris
Philip W. Connelly
Mary Mamakeesick
Joel Gittelsohn
et al.
Diabetes Care, vol. 31, no. 7, 2008, pp. 1410-1415
Description
Investigation into adiponectin, leptin, C-reactive protein, interleukin 6, and serum amyloid A, individually or in combinations, and finding that low baseline adiponectin is associated with increased risk of incident type 2 diabetes independent of leptin, C-reactive protein, interleukin 6, serum amyloid A, and obesity.
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Angiotensinogen Gene Variation Associated with Variation in Blood Pressure in Aboriginal Canadians

Articles » Scholarly, peer reviewed
Author/Creator
Robert A. Hegele
Stewart B. Harris
Anthony J. G. Hanley
Fang Sun
Philip W. Connelly
Bernard Zinman
Hypertension, vol. 29, no. 5, May 1997, pp. 1073-1077
Description
Findings indicated a high frequency of the gene AGT T235 and a significant association between variation in systolic blood pressure and the AGT gene.
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Anishinaabeg Women's Stories of Wellbeing: Physical Activity, Restoring Wellbeing, and Confronting the Settler Colonial Deficit Analysis

Articles » Scholarly, peer reviewed
Author/Creator
Tricia McGuire-Adams
Journal of Indigenous Wellbeing: Te Mauri - Pimatisiwin, vol. 2, no. 3, December 2017, pp. 90-104
Description
Three themes emerged in interviews with seven Indigenous women: personal empowerment and confidence; wellbeing for themselves, family and community; and the importance of group mentorship. Author argues that they are applying the concept of gwesayjitodoon indo bimaadiziiwin, transforming oneself into a better life.
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Anthropometric Indices of First Nations Children and Youth on First Entry to Manitoba/Saskatchewan Residential Schools - 1919 to 1953

Articles » Scholarly, peer reviewed
Author/Creator
F. J. Paul Hackett
Sylvia Abonyi
Roland F. Dyck
International Journal of Circumpolar Health, vol. 75, 2016, p. article no. 30734
Description
Study shows First Nations children entering residential school had normal body mass index and height and weight for age, providing evidence that the nutritional state in First Nation communities was reasonable at that time.
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[Appendix A]: A Life Course Approach to the Social Determinants of Health for Aboriginal Peoples'

Alternate Title
A Healthy, Productive Canada: A Determinant of Health Approach
E-Books » Chapters
Author/Creator
Jeff Reading
Description
Comments on the health disparities faced by Aboriginal Peoples' and the social remedies required. Appendix from A Healthy, Productive Canada: A Determinant of Health Approach by the Senate Subcommittee on Population Health chaired by Wilbert Joseph Keon and Lucie Pépin.
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Arctic Indigenous Peoples Experience the Nutrition Transition with Changing Dietary Patterns and Obesity

Articles » Scholarly, peer reviewed
Author/Creator
H. V. Kuhnlein
O. Receveur
R. Soueida
G. M. Egeland
Journal of Nutrition, vol. 134, no. 6, June 2004, pp. 1447-1453
Description
Reports survey data from three large cultural areas: the Yukon First Nations, Dene/Métis, and Inuit communities and compares current proportion of traditional food in diets to the precontact period and the amount of traditional food consumed by older vs. younger generation.
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Are the Circumpolar Inuit Becoming Obese?

Articles » Scholarly, peer reviewed
Author/Creator
T. K. Young
American Journal of Human Biology, vol. 19, no. 2, 2007, pp. 181-189
Description
Discussion of the higher risk for obesity, the need for ethnospecific obesity criteria and health interventions.
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Assessing the Impact of Pilot School Snack Programs on Milk and Alternatives Intake in 2 Remote First Nation Communities in Northern Ontario, Canada

Articles » Scholarly, peer reviewed
Author/Creator
Michelle Gates
Rhona M. Hanning
Allison Gates
Daniel D. McCarthy
Leonard J. S. Tsuji
Journal of School Health, vol. 83, no. 2, February 2013, pp. 69-76
Description
Study demonstrates the potential of school food provision programs to positively impact the low intakes of milk in First Nations youth although the programs suffer when resources are lacking.
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Assessment of Total and Central Adiposity in Canadian Aboriginal Children and Their Caucasian Peers

Articles » Scholarly, peer reviewed
Author/Creator
Kristal D. Anderson
Adam D. G. Baxter-Jones
Robert A. Faulkner
Nazeem Muhajarine
Carol J. Henry
Karen E. Chad
International Journal of Pediatric Obesity, vol. 5, no. 4, August 2010, pp. 342-350
Description
Compares total body and trunk fatness in 212 Aboriginal and 204 Caucasian children (8-17 years) matched by age, gender and maturity.
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Association Between the FTO rs9939609 Polymorphism and the Metabolic Syndrome in a non-Caucasian Multi-Ethnic Sample

Articles » Scholarly, peer reviewed
Author/Creator
Salam A. Al-Attar
Rebbecca L. Pollex
Matthew R. Ban
T. Kue Young
Peter Bjerregaard... [et al.]
Cardiovascular Diabetology, vol. 7, no. 5, March 2008, p. 5
Description
Study results of Canadians of South Asian and Chinese descent, Oji-Cree and Inuit (Greenland) indicated that the association between FTO gene associated with obesity extends to non-Caucasian subjects.
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The Association of Household Food Security, Household Characteristics and School Environment with Obesity Status Among Off-Reserve First Nations and Métis Children and Youth in Canada: Results from the 2012 Aboriginal Peoples Survey

Articles » Scholarly, peer reviewed
Author/Creator
Jasmin Bhawra; Martin J. Cooke; Yanling Guo; Piotr Wilk
Health Promotion and Chronic Disease Prevention in Canada, vol. 37, no. 3, March 2017, pp. 77-86
Description
Results show Indigenous children are at risk of being overweight or obese if there is very low food security and a poor school environment that exposed them to racism, bullying, and drugs.
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Blood Pressure Among the Inuit (Eskimo) Populations in the Arctic

Articles » Scholarly, peer reviewed
Author/Creator
Peter Bjerregaard
Eric Dewailly
T. Kue Young
Carole Blanchet
Robert A. Hegele ... [et al.]
Scandinavian Journal of Public Health, vol. 31, no. 2, 2003, pp. 92-99
Description
Study shows that Inuit blood pressures rank intermediate on a global scale but low compared with most European populations.
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Body Mass Index and Blood Pressure Screening in a Rural Public School System: The Healthy Kids Project

Articles » Scholarly, peer reviewed
Author/Creator
William E. Moore
Aietah Stephens
Terry Wilson
Wesley Wilson
June E. Eichner
Preventing Chronic Disease, vol. 3, no. 4, October 2006, p. article A114
Description
Contends that students who were involved with the Healthy Kids Project showed high rates of excess weight, with American Indians and African Americans at the greatest risk.
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Body Mass Index May Overestimate the Prevalence of Overweight and Obesity Among The Inuit

Articles » Scholarly, peer reviewed
Author/Creator
Guylaine Charbonneau-Roberts
Helga Saudny-Unterberger
Harriet V. Kuhnlein
Grace M. Egeland
International Journal of Circumpolar Health, vol. 64, no. 2, 2005, pp. 163-169
Description
Contends that using standing height alone to calculate the body mass index may overestimate those who are at risk for type 2 diabetes mellitus and cardiovascular disease among the Inuit.
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Body Proportions in Healthy Adult Inuit in East Greenland in 1963

Articles » Scholarly, peer reviewed
Author/Creator
Stig Andersen
Gert Mulvad
Henning Sloth Pedersen
Peter Laurberg
International Journal of Circumpolar Health, vol. 63, Supplement 2, 2004, pp. 73-76
Description
Data from the 1963 study is helping current researchers with a reference point to assess changes in body dimension.
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Body-Related Emotional Experiences of Young Aboriginal Women

Articles » Scholarly, peer reviewed
Author/Creator
Tara-Leigh Fleming
Kent C. Kowalski
M. Louise Humbert
Kristina R. Fagan
Martin J. Cannon
et al.
Qualitative Health Research, vol. 16, no. 4, April 2006, pp. 517-537
Description
Discusses the health compromising behaviours that are engaged in because young women are dissatisfied with their bodies.
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Body Shape, Expectations Linked to Health

Articles » General
Author/Creator
Doug Collie
Eagle Feather News, vol. 13, no. 6, June 2010, p. 24
Description
Comments on a research project, completed by Battlefords Tribal Council Indian Health and researchers from the University of Saskatchewan, looking at how Aboriginal women feel about their bodies. Article found by scrolling to page 24.
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Body Weight and the Risk of Diabetes in Aborigines

Articles » General
Author/Creator
Kerin O'Dea
Aboriginal & Islander Health Worker Journal, vol. 20, no. 3, May/June 1996, pp. 5-7
Description
Relates information collected from one of the last traditionally-oriented lifestyle groups in northeast Arnhem Land.
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Building a Community-Based Participatory Research Center to Investigate Obesity and Diabetes in Alaska Natives

Articles » Scholarly, peer reviewed
Author/Creator
Bert B. Boyer
Gerald V. Mohatt
Cecile Lardon
Rosemarie Plaetke
Bret R. Luick ... [et al.]
International Journal of Circumpolar Health, vol. 64, no. 3, June 2005, pp. 281-290
Description
Outlines the organizational development of the Center for Alaska Native Health Research (CANHR) study and the procedures used in its development.
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Cancer Risk Factors and Screening in First Nations in Ontario

Articles » Scholarly, peer reviewed
Author/Creator
Maegan V. Mazereeuw
Alexander Yurkiewich
Sehar Jamal
Caroline Cawley
Carmen R. Jones ... [et al.]
Health Promotion and Chronic Disease Prevention in Canada, vol. 37, no. 6, June 2017, pp. 186-193
Description
Shows an increased risk for cancer and other chronic diseases for First Nations people living on reserve compared to non-Aboriginal populations.
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