Water

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[2006 May Status Report of the Auditor General of Canada to the House of Commons]: Chapter 5: Management of Programs for First Nations

E-Books » Chapters
Author/Creator
[Sheila Fraser]
Description
Follow-up audit assessed progress in responding to 37 recommendations contained in seven reports published from October 2000 to November 2003. Federal agencies evaluated were Indian and Northern Affairs Canada, Canada Mortgage and Housing, Treasury Board Secretariat, and Industry Canada.
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2021 Reports of the Auditor General of Canada to the Parliament of Canada: Independent Auditor's Report 3: Access to Safe Drinking Water in First Nations Communities--Indigenous Services Canada

Alternate Title
Access to Safe Drinking Water in First Nations Communities
E-Books
Author/Creator
[Glenn Wheeler
Doreen Deveen
Samir Drapeau
Valérie La France‑Moreau
Maxine Leduc
Joseph O’Brien]
Description
The audit covered the period from 1 November 2015 to 1 November 2020.
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Aboriginal Water Rights Primer

Documents & Presentations
Author/Creator
Merrell-Ann S. Phare
Description
Produced as a result of dissatisfaction with the Department of Indian and Northern Affairs' engagement process for the development of proposed legislative framework for drinking water in First Nation communities. Looks at three types of water-related rights: water, self-government, and adequate levels of environment protection.
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Access to Safe and Sustainable Drinking Water Sources in First Nations Communities [Webinar]

Alternate Title
Clcahl (Hullcar) Aquifer: Splatsin Drinking Water Contamination
Creating a Blue Dialogue
POLIS Project on Ecological Governance
Water Realities in Indigenous Communities
Media » Film and Video
Author/Creator
Lalita Bharadwaj
Kukpi7 (Chief) Wayne Christian
Description
First presenter discusses the current state of water in First Nations communities and challenges in the areas of source water, treatment, and water supply systems. Second speaker discusses the groundwater contamination in British Columbia's Hullcar Valley and what the crisis means for the Splatsin people. Related Material: Webinar Summary.
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Accessibility, Quality and Safety of Liard First Nation's Drinking Water Supply

Documents & Presentations
Author/Creator
Lalita Bharadwaj
Lisa Christensen
[Rebecca Zagozewski]
Description
Study conducted 2012-2015 included assessment of 40 private drinking wells and how surface water and groundwater were connected using hydrological models and community survey that asked residents about their water sources, opinions about quality, alternative beverages, and preferences in ways to communicate with leaders.
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Adapting to Climate Change through Source Water Protection: Case Studies from Alberta and Saskatchewan, Canada

Articles » Scholarly, peer reviewed
Author/Creator
Robert J. Patrick
International Indigenous Policy Journal, vol. 9, no. 3, Special Issue: Indigenous Peoples, Climate Change, and Environmental Stewardship, July 2018, p. Article 1
Description
Uses six case studies to explore the extent to which climate change had been taken into consideration in community planning exercises between 2013 and 2017, with an emphasis on identification of threats and concerns, and adaption strategies to protect sources of drinking water.
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American Indian Reservations and COVID-19: Correlates

of Early Infection Rates in the Pandemic

Articles » Scholarly, peer reviewed
Author/Creator
Desi Rodriguez-Lonebear
Nicolás E. Barceló
Randall Akee
Stephanie Russo Carroll
Journal of Public Health Management and Practice, vol. 26, no. 4, July/August 2020, pp. 371-377
Description
Study looked at household characteristics most closely associated with variations in incidence in 287 reservations and tribal homelands which had a total of 861 cases. Found that lack of complete indoor plumbing and access to potable water could be an important determinant, as well as relevant information communicated in the language spoken by most tribal members, but that household overcrowding did not appear to be associated with spread of the disease.
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Are We Seeking Pimatisiwin or Creating Pomewin? Implications for Water Policy

Articles » Scholarly, peer reviewed
Author/Creator
Patti LaBoucane-Benson
Ginger Gibson
Allen Benson
Greg Miller
International Indigenous Policy Journal, vol. 3, no. 3, Water and Indigenous Peoples, 2012, pp. 1-22
Description
Describes how colonial policy has created a disconnect in the relationship between Cree people in Alberta and water.
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Arizona vs. California, et al.

Alternate Title
Research Note: Arizona vs. California, et al.
Articles » Scholarly, peer reviewed
Author/Creator
Al Logan Slagle
American Indian Culture and Research Journal, vol. 7, no. 1, January 1983, pp. 87-90
Description
Describes the legal dispute, which began in 1952, involving water rights of Native Americans situated on the Colorado River basin.
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Barriers to and Strategies for Engaging Non-Indigenous Canadians in First Nations Water Rights: A Qualitative Inquiry

Articles » Scholarly, peer reviewed
Author/Creator
Katelin H. S. Neufeld
Laura M. Funk
Katherine B. Starzyk
Michelle I. Gorea
Lisette Dansereau
The International Indigenous Policy Journal, vol. 10, no. 3, September 2019
Description
Qualitative interview study which engages 22 non-Indigenous Canadians from one city, explores how knowledgeable and how engaged participants are about the issues surrounding drinking water in Indigenous communities. Found that most participants had minimal understanding of the issue and faced barriers to engagement including racism and a lack of resources, capacity, and personal responsibility.
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Bill S-11: The Safe Drinking Water for First Nations Act

Alternate Title
Legislative Summary (Parliamentary Information and Research Service) ; 40-3-S11-E
Documents & Presentations
Author/Creator
Nicholas Auclair
Tonina Simeone
Description
Brief description of background and contents of the Bill, which provides for federal regulations relating to provision of drinking water, water quality standards and disposal of waste water.
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Bill S-8: The Safe Drinking Water for First Nations Act

Alternate Title
Legislative Summary (Parliamentary Information and Research Service) ; 41-1-S8-E
Documents & Presentations
Author/Creator
Tonina Simeone
Shauna Troniak
Description
Brief description of background and contents of the Bill, which provides for federal regulations relating to provision of drinking water, water quality standards and disposal of waste water. Revised version.
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Boiling Point! : Six Community Profiles of the Water Crisis Facing First Nations within Canada

Alternate Title
A Synopsis Prepared by the Polaris Institute in Collaboration with the Assembly of First Nations and Supported by the Canadian Labour Congress
E-Books
Author/Creator
Andrea Harden
Holly Levalliant
Polaris Institute
Assembly of First Nations
p. 28
Description
Looks at the water crisis on reserves, and the right to safe drinking water and sanitation.
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A Brief Analysis of Bill S-11: Safe Drinking Water for First Nations Act

Alternate Title
National Environment, Energy and Resource Summit
Documents & Presentations
Author/Creator
M. A. [Marie-Anne] Bowden
Description
Outlines the context in the 15 years prior to the Act in terms of the legal regime, funding, and the roles of the Role of the Expert Panel on Safe Drinking Water for First Nations and the Senate Standing Committee on Aboriginal Peoples. Followed by discussion of aspects of the Act including regulatory scope, lack of consultation, third party involvement, capacity, and potential for erosion of First Nations constitutional rights.
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Budget Didn't Meet Raised Expectations

Articles » General
Author/Creator
Paul Barnsley
Windspeaker, vol. 20, no. 11, March 2003, p. 1
Description

First Nations leaders contend that the federal government failed to provide funding, as promised, to poverty issues. The issues include contaminated water, black mold, and lack of funding for graduates to pursue post secondary education.

Entire issue on one pdf. To access article scroll to p.1.

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Budget Sufficiency for First Nations Water and Wastewater Infrastructure

Documents & Presentations
Author/Creator
Nasreddine Ammar
Description
Investigates whether increased budget would eliminate long-term boil water advisories. Analysis uses data from the 2011 Water and Waste Water National Assessment to estimate costs of upgrading systems as well giving information on evolution of expenditures over past decade and an explanation of how Indian and Northern Affairs allocates funds.
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Building Governance Capacity: The Case of Potable Water in First Nations Communities

E-Books » Chapters
Author/Creator
John Graham
Evlyn Fortier
Aboriginal Policy Research, vol. 3
Description

Outlines various approaches, goals and considerations for capacity development. Chapter eight from Moving Forward, Making a Difference, vol. 1, which is also vol. 3 in the Aboriginal Policy Research series. Originally presented at the second annual Aboriginal Policy Research Conference, 2006.

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The Canadian Water Sustainability Index (CWSI): Case Study Report

Alternate Title
Policy Research Initiative Working Paper Series
PRI Project: Sustainable Development
Working Papers (Centre for Indigenous Environmental Resources) ; 028
Documents & Presentations
Author/Creator
Centre for Indigenous Environmental Resources
Anne Morin
Description
Presents the results from a Canadian Water Sustainability project to assess various elements of water well-being in Canadian communities.
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Case 8 - First Nations Drinking Water Policies

Alternate Title
Population and Public Health Ethics: Cases From Research, Policy, and Practice
E-Books » Chapters
Author/Creator
Mona Shum
Donna Atkinson
Chris Kaposy
Ted Shrecker
Description
Chapter in book: Population and Public Health Ethics: Cases From Research, Policy, and Practice by Canadian Institutes of Health Research - Institute of Population and Public Health. Scroll down to page 92 to read article.
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Co-Design of Water Services and Infrastructure for Indigenous Canada: A Scoping Review

Articles » Scholarly, peer reviewed
Author/Creator
Lori E.A. Bradford
Tim Vogel
Karl-Erich Lindenschmidt
Kerry McPhedran
Graham E.H. Strikert
Terrence A. Fonstad
Lalita A. Bharadwaj
Facets, vol. 3, 2018, pp. 487-511
Description
Goal of research was to identify examples on reserves, key principles which guide the process in that context, and lessons learned. Thirteen articles are reviewed.
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Colonization Road

Alternate Title
CBC Firsthand ; June 18, 2017
Media » Film and Video
Author/Creator
Michelle St. John
Jordan O'Connor
Ryan McMahon
Description
Ryan McMahon travels across Ontario talking to Indigenous leaders, lawyers, historians, researchers and policy makers about the building of roads and the effects on Indigenous people and their land. Includes stories about isolation from people of Shoal Lake 40. Duration: 44:07.
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Community Development to Feed the Family in Northern Manitoba Communities: Evaluating Food Activities Based on Their Food Sovereignty, Food Security, and Sustainable Livelihood Outcomes

Articles » Scholarly, peer reviewed
Author/Creator
Shirley Thompson
Asfia Gulrukh Kamal
Mohammad Ashraful Alam
Jacinta Wiebe
Canadian Journal of Nonprofit and Social Economy Research, vol. 3, no. 2, Fall, 2012, pp. 43-66
Description
Comments on the unacceptability of the high rate of food insecurity, the lack of safe drinking water, the need for healthy, and other necessary infrastructure for healthy living.
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Contested Territories: Water Rights and the Struggles Over Indigenous Livelihoods

Articles » Scholarly, peer reviewed
Author/Creator
Rutgerd Boelens
Bibiana Duarte
Rossana Manosalvas
Patricio Mena
Tatinana Roa Avendaňo
J. Vera
International Indigenous Policy Journal, vol. 3, no. 3, Water and Indigenous Peoples, 2012, pp. 1-15
Description
Studies the challenges to Indigenous water rights in Ecuador, Colombia and Peru due to hydro-power development, diverted water for mega cities, and large scale irrigation projects.
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COVID-19 and Drinking Water Security in Rural, Remote and Indigenous Communities: the Role of Collaboration among Diverse Actors in Responding to a Global Pandemic

Articles » Scholarly, peer reviewed
Author/Creator
Sondra Eger
Sarah Minnes
Amy Hudson
Kelly Vodden
Kathleen Parewick ...[et al]
Journal of Rural and Community Development, vol. 16, no. 4, COVID-19 and Rural Canada: Rural Impacts and Resilience , 2021, pp. [112]-140
Description
Uses a collaborative analysis of Newfoundland Indigenous experiences to examine the impact of the COVID pandemic on their access to drinking water.
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Crisis on Tap: First Nations Water for Life

Media » Film and Video
Author/Creator
University of Victoria Centre for Aboriginal Health Research
Description
Documentary takes a critical look at the environmental public health challenge as expressed by First Nations peoples living in Canada. Duration: 30:15.
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