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Aboriginal Women and Bill-C31: An Issue Paper

Alternate Title
National Aboriginal Women's Summit, 2007
Documents & Presentations
Author/Creator
Native Women's Association of Canada (NWAC)
Description
Purpose of act was to eliminate sexual discrimination within the Indian Act and make it congruent with the Canadian Charter of Rights and Freedoms. Came about because of United Nations Human Rights Commission's ruling that First Nations women were being discriminated against due to loss of status through marriage to non-First Nations men.
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Aboriginal Women and the Implementation of Bill C-31

Alternate Title
NWAC Presentation
Documents & Presentations
Description
Brief document outlines issues around application of the Canadian Charter of Rights and Freedoms to governments created by the Indian Act i.e. individual versus collective rights.
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Aboriginal Women's Movement; A Quest for Self-determination

Alternate Title
Commentary, Aboriginal Women's Movement; A Quest for Self-determination
Articles » Scholarly, peer reviewed
Author/Creator
Ellen Gabriel
Aboriginal Policy Studies, vol. 1, no. 1, 2011, pp. 183-188
Description
Discussion of feminism, women's equality and Indigenous women in contemporary times.
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Aboriginal Women's Rights are Human Rights

Alternate Title
Canadian Human Rights Act Review
NWAC Research Paper
Documents & Presentations
Author/Creator
Native Women's Association of Canada
Description
Looks at the discrimination against First Nations women in Canada which is contrary to the Charter of Rights.
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An Act for the Gradual Enfranchisement of Indians, the Better Management of Indian Affairs, and to Extend

the Provisions of the Act 31st Victoria, Chapter 42.[Assented to 22nd June, 1869.]

Alternate Title
CAP VI: An Act for the Gradual Enfranchisement of Indians, the Better Management of Indian Affairs, and to Extend the Provisions of the Act 31st Victoria, Chapter 42 [Assented to 22nd June, 1869.]
Documents & Presentations
Author/Creator
Government of Canada
Description
Act discusses the lawful possession of lands, proceedings used to eject people not in lawful possession, penalty for persons selling liquors, and much more. The Act has 24 sections in total.
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An Assessment of the Population Impacts of Select

Hypothetical Amendments to Section 6 of the Indian Act

Documents & Presentations
Author/Creator
Stewart Clatworthy
Description
Estimates of the baseline (2016) and projected longer-term impacts on the population entitled to Indian registration associated with amendments that would remove the "1951 cut-off" and "second generation cut-off" provisions in the 2010 Indian Act. These estimates are a result of the Descheneaux decision and the proposed amendments contained in Bill S-3.
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Assimilation Tools: Then and Now

Articles » Scholarly, peer reviewed
Author/Creator
Shirley Joseph
BC Studies, no. 89, In Celebration of Our Survival: The First Nations of British Columbia, Spring, 1991, pp. 65-79
Description
Provides an overview of the development of the Indian Act and the effects of Bill C-31. The article argues that the amendment, which was intended to rectify previous injustices, has failed to provide a solution.
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Bill C-3: Gender Equity in Indian Registration Act

Alternate Title
Legislative Summary (Parliamentary Information and Research Service) ; 40-3-C3-E
Documents & Presentations
Author/Creator
Mary C. Hurley
Tonina Simeone
Description
Provides information on Bill C-3, including background, a description, and an analysis of the Bill. Revised document.
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Bill C-3 - Gender Equity in Indian Registration Act

Documents & Presentations
Author/Creator
National Aboriginal Law Section
Canadian Bar Association
Description
Concerns equal treatment of males and females for entitlement to registration as a status Indian under the provisions of the Indian Act.
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Bill C-31

Documents & Presentations
Author/Creator
[Communications Branch
Department of Indian Affairs and Northern Development (DIAND)]
Description
Brief information sheet deals with amendments to the Indian Act which were meant to remove discriminatory rules which had denied women status, restore status and membership rights, and increase band's control over their own affairs.
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Bill C-31: A Study of Cultural Trauma

E-Books » Chapters
Author/Creator
Jo-Anne Fiske
Evelyn George
Aboriginal Policy Research, vol. 5
Description

Applies three processes: trauma to culture, collective stigmatization, and historic trauma. Chapter three from Moving Forward, Making a Difference, vol. 3, which is also vol. 5 in the Aboriginal Policy Research series. Originally presented at the second annual Aboriginal Policy Research Conference, 2006.

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Bill C - 31. - [ca. 1985?].

Documents & Presentations
Description
This file contains Barron's typed notes: Background Notes Bill C-31: An Act to Amend the Indian Act. An excellent overview of the act and the people in the First Nations community who were affected by it. It also has statistics, dates and the specific laws changed by the Bill.
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Bill C-31: The Abocide Bill

Documents & Presentations
Author/Creator
Harry W. Daniels
Description
Contends that contents of the bill will eventually lead to loss of Status for Aboriginal people. Speech was delivered at the Unity for Our Grandchildren conference in a session with The Native Women's Association of Canada.
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Bill C-31: Unity for Our Grandchildren

Alternate Title
1st National Conference on Bill C-31
First National Conference on Bill-31
NWAC Report
Documents & Presentations
Author/Creator
Native Women's Association of Canada
Description
Proceedings of conference that looked at the impact of the legislation. Main issues discussed were divisiveness resulting from adoption of band membership codes which block women from returning to their home communities and two-tiered system which produces loss of status due to the "second generation cutoff" rule.
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Bill S-3: A Rushed Response to Descheneaux

Documents & Presentations
Author/Creator
Elysa Hogg
Description

Bill introduced to comply with Court's decision in Descheneaux et al., v. Canada (Attorney General), which found current <i>Indian Act</i> violated equality provisions of the Canadian Charter of Rights and Freedoms. Court case involved eligibility for Indian Status.

Comments on the proposed Act rather than the final version.

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Bill S-3 - Indian Act Amendments (elimination of sex-based inequities in registration)

Documents & Presentations
Author/Creator
Canadian Bar Association
Aboriginal Law Section
Description
Bill came about as a result of the Quebec Superior Court's decision in Descheneaux v. Canada which found The Indian Act still discriminated against women and their offspring with respect to Indian status. This document: Presentation on the Quebec Superior Court Judgment in the Case of Descheneaux and Yantha v.
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Canaries in the Mines of Citizenship: Indian Women in Canada

Articles » Scholarly, peer reviewed
Author/Creator
Joyce Green
Canadian Journal of Political Science, vol. 34, no. 4, December 2001, pp. 715-739
Description
Explores the concept of citizenship in relation to women and discusses problems of sexist and racist policies that impair the capacity of women for full citizenship in both the colonial state and First Nations.
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Collaborative Process on Indian Registration, Band Membership and First Nation Citizenship: Report to Parliament

Documents & Presentations
Author/Creator
[Department of Crown-Indigenous Relations]
Description
Initiated in response to the Descheneaux decision dealing with denial of status to some members of First Nations due to sexual discrimination. Took place to seek input on implementation of removal of 1951 cut-off from the Indian Act, remaining inequities related to registration and membership and transferring responsibility for membership and citizenship to First Nations. Consisted of community consultations, online survey, regional events and expert panels.
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A Commentary on the Indian Act: Prepared for the Members of the Joint Committee of the Senate and the House of Commons on Indian Affairs

Documents & Presentations
Author/Creator
H. M. Jones
Description
Analysis includes sections dealing with: application of the Act; definition and registration of Indians; reserve lands (ownership, trespass, surrenders, lands taken for public purpose, and management); estates; management of Indian moneys; election of Chiefs and Councilors and powers of Councils; enfranchisement; and taxation.
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Constitute!

Media » Film and Video
Author/Creator
Sharon McIvor
Description
Lawyer discusses her involvement in court cases which addressed the question of who is entitled to status as an Indian under the Indian Act. Duration: 1:08:34.
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Court Declares Indian Status for Women

Articles » General
Saskatchewan Indian, vol. 2, no. 9, November 1971, pp. 9-10
Description
Describes the case of Jeannette Corbiere Lavell, of the Wikwimekong First Nation on Manitoulin Island, and her appeal to the Federal Court of Canada to retain status under the Indian Act.
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Department of National Health and Welfare, Medical Services Branch, Indian and Northern Health Services Directorate Annual Report, Fiscal Year 1987-1988

Alternate Title
IHS Annual Report
Documents & Presentations
Author/Creator
Department of National Health and Welfare
Description
Highlights launch of The Program Transfer and Policy Development Directorate. To see all annual reports between 1945-1992, search 'IHS Annual Report'. This reproduction is a copy of an official work that is published by the Government of Canada and has not been produced in affiliation with, or with the endorsement of the Government of Canada. See full reproduction credits
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Department of National Health and Welfare, Medical Services Branch, Indian and Northern Health Services Directorate Annual Report, Fiscal Year 1988-1989

Alternate Title
IHS Annual Report
Documents & Presentations
Author/Creator
Department of National Health and Welfare
Description
To see all annual reports between 1945-1992, search 'IHS Annual Report'. This reproduction is a copy of an official work that is published by the Government of Canada and has not been produced in affiliation with, or with the endorsement of the Government of Canada. See full reproduction credits
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Descheneaux Information Session--PTMA Toolkit

Alternate Title
Descheneaux Information Session Toolkit
Backgrounder: Descheneaux and Bill S-3
Documents & Presentations
Author/Creator
Native Women's Association of Canada
Description
Court case involved sex-based discrimination in the Indian Act with respect to status entitlement. Includes chronological list of federal legislation concerning Indian status and summary of issues in the case.
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Disenfranchised Spirit: A Theory and a Model

Articles » Scholarly, peer reviewed
Author/Creator
Lynn Gehl
Pimatisiwin, vol. 11, no. 1, 2013, pp. 31-42
Description
Discusses Western and Aboriginal concepts of identity and how regaining status under Bill C-31 of the Indian Act impacted one individual's life.
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